Programme for Control of Blindness started
in the year 1976 with a goal of reducing the
prevalence of blindness in India. A large no
of blind people in a country denote poor
socio-economic development and an
inefficient eye care service in the country.
This is because about 80-90% of the
blindness is either curable or preventable.
Cataract is the leading cause of blindness
in India. The Programme is 100% centrally
sponsored. The main cause of Blindness is
Cataract which is approximately 62% in the
country. In Uttaranchal the prevalence rate
of Blindness is below 1%, which is among 1st
10 States of the country. Blindness
programme emphasis; to provide high quality
eye care to public, Strengthen Eye care
service in outreach area.
• To reduce the prevalence of blindness from
0.56% to 0.3%
• To provide high quality of eye care to the
down the prevalence rate of cataract
blindness from 0.56% to 0.3% by the year
provide high quality of eye care to the
coverage of eye care services to the
Strengthen service by providing training to
develop institutional capacity for eye care
services by providing support for equipment
School for eye screening
conduct 100% cataract IOL surgery
in backlog of blind persons by active
screening of population above 50 years of
age. Organizing screening eye camps and
transporting operable cases to eye care
Involvement of voluntary Organization in
various eye care activities.
Participation of community and panchayat Raj
institutions in organizing services in rural
Development of eye care services and
improvement in quality of eye care by
training of personnel, supply of high-tech
equipments, strengthening follow up and
of school going children for identification
and treatment of refractive errors with
special attention in underserved areas.
awareness about prevention and timely
treatment of eye ailments.
focus on illiterate women in rural areas.
For this purpose there should be convergence
with various ongoing schemes for development
of women and children.
generation through the help of ASHA at grass
surgery for cataract cases in rural areas.
transportation for patients of un reached
medicine for all types of eye ailments.
spectacles for post operative care and poor
backlog cataract cases would be treated.
500 schools would be covered for School Eye
procurement of Instrument for OTs of
Government Hospitals such as phachoc
machine, microscope ets.
children would be given vitamin-A
supplementation and immunization coverage.
and advanced treatment would be available in
all Medical College Hospitals and District
Hospitals /Sub District Hospitals.
of nurses in ophthalmic techniques &
Paramedical Ophthalmic (PMOA)