National Programme for Control of Blindness


National Programme for Control of Blindness started in the year 1976 with a goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness in India. A large no of blind people in a country denote poor socio-economic development and an inefficient eye care service in the country. This is because about 80-90% of the blindness is either curable or preventable. Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in India. The Programme is 100% centrally sponsored. The main cause of Blindness is Cataract which is approximately 62% in the country. In Uttaranchal the prevalence rate of Blindness is below 1%, which is among 1st 10 States of the country. Blindness programme emphasis; to provide high quality eye care to public, Strengthen Eye care service in outreach area.

Goals :

To reduce the prevalence of blindness from 0.56% to 0.3%
To provide high quality of eye care to the affected population.

Objectives :

  • To bring down the prevalence rate of cataract blindness from 0.56% to 0.3% by the year 2012.

  • To provide high quality of eye care to the affected population.

  • To expand coverage of eye care services to the under-served areas.

  • Strengthen service by providing training to medical/paramedical staff.

  • To develop institutional capacity for eye care services by providing support for equipment and material.

  • To cover School for eye screening

  • To conduct 100% cataract IOL surgery

Strategies :

  • Reduction in backlog of blind persons by active screening of population above 50 years of age. Organizing screening eye camps and transporting operable cases to eye care facilities.

  • Involvement of voluntary Organization in various eye care activities.

  • Participation of community and panchayat Raj institutions in organizing services in rural areas.

  • Development of eye care services and improvement in quality of eye care by training of personnel, supply of high-tech equipments, strengthening follow up and monitoring services.

  • Screening of school going children for identification and treatment of refractive errors with special attention in underserved areas.

  • Public awareness about prevention and timely treatment of eye ailments.

  • Specific focus on illiterate women in rural areas. For this purpose there should be convergence with various ongoing schemes for development of women and children.

  • Awareness generation through the help of ASHA at grass root level.

Activities :

  • Free surgery for cataract cases in rural areas.

  • Free transportation for patients of un reached areas.

  • Free medicine for all types of eye ailments.

  • Free spectacles for post operative care and poor school students.

  • All backlog cataract cases would be treated.

  • Nearly 500 schools would be covered for School Eye Screening.

  • Timely procurement of Instrument for OTs of Government Hospitals such as phachoc machine, microscope ets.

  • All children would be given vitamin-A supplementation and immunization coverage.

  • Modern and advanced treatment would be available in all Medical College Hospitals and District Hospitals /Sub District Hospitals.

  • Training of nurses in ophthalmic techniques & Paramedical Ophthalmic (PMOA)