The importance of health in economic and social development for improving the quality of life has long been recognized. In order to energize the various components of health system, Government of India has launched the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). This was launched in April 2005, to provide effective health care to the rural population throughout the country with special focus on 18 states which have weak public health indicators and/or weak infrastructure.

The Mission aims to expedite the achievement of policy goals by facilitating enhanced access and utilization of quality health services, with emphasis on the equity and gender dimensions. Especially focus on vulnerable group

Specific objectives of the Mission are:

Reduction in child and maternal mortality

Universal access to services for food and nutrition, sanitation and hygiene, safe drinking water

Emphasis on services addressing women and child health; and universal immunization

Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, including locally endemic diseases

Access to integrated comprehensive primary health care

 Revitalization local health traditions and mainstreaming of AYUSH

NRHM will facilitate transfer of funds, functions and functionaries to PRIs and also the greater engagement of CPS/RKS, hospital development committees or user groups. Improved management through capacity development is also planned. Innovations in human resource management constitute a major challenge in making health services available to the rural/tribal population. Thus, NRHM aims at the availability of locally resident health workers, multi-skill training of health workers/doctors and integration with the private sector for optimal use of human resources. The Mission aims to make untied funds available at different levels of the health care delivery system.